A monarchy is an old form of leadership of the unipersonal state, for life and that is transmitted by the hereditary way.
In the UN there are 193 member states and two observers that meet the requirements of being sovereign and internationally recognized; so we could say that there are 195 countries in the world.
In about 50 countries, the head of the State has the form of a monarchy, although there are only about 30 monarchs in total. The reason: the Queen of England is also from many countries of the Caribbean and Oceania that are part of the Commonwealth.
Of the 50 countries that make up the European subcontinent, only 10 have monarchies.
Of all the kings and queens that still exist in the world, there are those who really govern, those who have some political power and those who only play a symbolic or representative role.
There are those who really govern, there are those who have some political power and there are those who only play a symbolic or representative role
The first case occurs in dictatorships or in countries with significant democratic deficits, such as Saudi Arabia or Morocco.
The second case is less common but it also occurs. The Prince of Monaco, for example, has the power to elect the prime minister from a series of candidates proposed by the French Government.
Finally, the case of kings with merely ceremonial functions is typical of the comparatively more advanced states (within the anachronism of having a King, of course); the so-called “parliamentary monarchies”.
Supposedly, this is the case of Spain. However, our Constitution, still approved under the watchful eye of a then-pre-democratic army, contains articles such as these:
56.3. The person of the King is inviolable and is not subject to liability …
62. Corresponds to the King:
d) Propose the candidate for President of the Government …
h) The supreme command of the Armed Forces.
In general, it is obvious that the monarchy is an institution of another time that is very difficult to explain in democratic terms in a modern country in the XXI century.
But Spaniards are very pragmatic people.
Faced with the fact that Juan Carlos I was elected by the dictator, our people saw the practical advantages that represented in the Transition
That is why, faced with the fact that Juan Carlos I was elected by the dictator and sworn to the principles of Francoism, in the face of the fact that there should be no reason for the Head of State to have a mandate for life and receive it through the fertilization of an egg by a sperm, our people saw the practical advantages represented by Juan Carlos I in the whole scheme of the Transition.
A gradual and peaceful change from a long dictatorship to democracy and protection against a military coup, as the events of 23-F consolidated in public opinion.
We Spaniards asked ourselves (not without some fear to return to darker times): “What is the use of monarchy?” And we found a pragmatic response that served to dismiss the anachronistic and undemocratic of the institution and even to “forgive” the scandalous train of life that the today King Emeritus always deployed.
However, that has changed with Felipe VI.
Today the transition from dictatorship to democracy (with its many imperfections) is already done, today the army has things to improve but it is a modern army and comparable to those of other European countries, today it is fortunately far away on November 20 from 1975 and people are no longer afraid.
For those things, then, we no longer need a King.